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Desired Of All Nations Will Come

by David Johnson

IMG_0666It is good to be together again as we look into the Word of God. The title for the lesson, “Desired of all Nations will come.” The text is taken from the so-called minor prophet Haggai chapter two beginning in verse six through verse nine. Listen to the Word of God.

This is what the Lord almighty says. In a little while I will once more shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land. I will shake all nations.  And the desired of all nations will come. And I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord almighty.  The silver is mine and the gold is mine, declares the Lord almighty. The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house, says the Lord almighty. And in this place I will grant peace, declares the Lord almighty.

Down through the centuries our sovereign God has truly shaken and vanquished empires and kingdoms and will yet future finally usher in the messianic kingdom and King on this earth.

In America we have had great presidents like our first president George Washington and like Abraham Lincoln, but no president, no prime minister, no leader has ever been or ever will be like the King that is coming to establish his kingdom on this earth.

In Haggai chapter two and verse six it says that he will shake the heavens and the earth. This corresponds to the catastrophic cataclysms described in the book of Revelation chapter six through 19, fulfilling Revelation chapter 11 and verse 15 that says: The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ. And he will reign forever and ever.

Before the second coming of Christ to this earth, there will be great end time cosmic, that is in the heavens and terrestrial, that is on the earth, shakings and upheavals of the natural elements.

In Haggai chapter two and verse seven note: God will shake not just Persia or Greece in the past, but all nations. And the desired of all nations will come.  Some translations have this wording in the footnote. All nations points to the second coming of Christ, not just the first coming of Christ.  And whom is desired? Note the context and the detail.  And fill his house, that is the temple, with glory, whom alone uniquely can fulfill this? Only God himself. Here God in bodily form even Messiah at his bodily second coming and beyond.

Now how is Jesus Christ the desired of all nations as the deliverer from all of the terrible events of the end time, whether the nations fully understand or accept this, finally peace will replace punishment on this earth.  God’s glory never came to Zerubbabel’s temple, whereas at the first coming of Christ Messiah did enter Herod’s temple, but he was not yet glorified. At Messiah’s first coming he came in humility as like a lamb led to the slaughter.  But at the second coming of Christ Messiah’s presence in a rebuilt temple will finally bring glory to this house once again. This will be the millennial temple which is prophesied in Ezekiel chapter 43 and verse five that says, in part: The glory of the Lord filled the temple, a vision of the future given to Ezekiel.

And then in Haggai chapter two and verse eight: The silver is mine and the gold is mine, declares the Lord almighty.  The Lord here assured and reminded the poor Jews of Haggai and Zerubbabel’s day that God owns it all. He will provide.

There is, of course, an application here for us. Today when we are lacking we can still petition the same exact God and according to his will and his timing he can still provide not necessarily what we crave, not necessarily what we desire, but what we need.  But we must ask in faith. According, for example, to Psalm chapter 50 and verse 10 God does not only own a thousand cattle, but the cattle on a thousand hills, meaning an infinite, uncountable number.

In Haggai chapter two and verse nine: And in this place I will grant peace, declares the Lord almighty. What place?  The house of the Lord, his temple. And where is that? Mount Zion. You understand that the Jews view the house of the Lord or the temple as one temple existing in different forms at different times, but only one temple. Has the house of the Lord in the past ever had everlasting peace?  Consider that just a few decades after the first coming of Christ and the cross Herod’s temple was utterly destroyed in the year of our Lord 70. Not one stone rested upon another.

Today needs to be rebuilt, that is, the temple of the Lord.  So when will this ultimately be fulfilled? When Messiah returns the second time as the King of Kings and the Prince of Peace will peace finally come to this earth as it is prophesied by the Hebrew prophet Isaiah chapter nine beginning in verse six and verse seven.

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given. And the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end.  He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever.  The zeal of the Lord almighty will accomplish this.

The prophecy of Haggai ends with a glorious picture which includes us.  In Haggai chapter two beginning in verse 20 we find these words. The Word of the Lord came to Haggai a second time, on the 24th day of the month. Tell Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, that I will shake the heavens and the earth. I will overturn royal thrones and shatter the power of foreign kingdoms. I will overthrow chariots and their drivers. Horses and their riders will fall each by the sword of his brother.  On that day, declares the Lord almighty, I will take you, my servant, Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, declares the Lord  and I will make you like my signet ring, for I have chosen you, declares the Lord almighty.

Here we have, first of all, in the context reassurance that was given to the then civil leader Zerubbabel who was governor to encourage, to comfort and to strengthen him and the returning Jews after their exile from Babylon. But let’s focus on Haggai chapter two and verse 23. On that day... Notice that the text does not say his day or this day, but that day, meaning yet future.  The ultimate day of the Lord, the day of Messiah’s return, the second time. And Messiah’s triumph over his enemies and triumph for his people Israel. I will take you, my servant Zerubbabel. My servant is a distinctly Messianic, even Davidic title, ultimately fulfilled in Messiah King, the King of kings of the King that is to come on that day.  Zerubbabel, as then governor, was Israel’s leader and in the royal lineage of King David and was a prefigurement, a type of what is to come on that day.  I will make you like my signet ring. Like, in a figurative sense, in a symbolic sense. You see, a signet ring symbolizes honor and authority and power and corresponds also, as it were, to the king’s scepter or staff of authority.  A signet ring was also used to seal letters and royal decrees and, therefore, Zerubbabel, as like God’s signet ring, stood for God’s official representative of the Davidic dynasty and represents the royal, messianic line.

For example, the Egyptian leader Pharaoh gave Joseph his signet ring and made him second in his kingdom. Zerubbabel, according to Matthew in the New Testament chapter one and verse 13 was in the royal lineage of King David. But here Zerubbabel  points to David’s greatest son, the desired of all nations that is to come on that day when the King of kings comes again.

But wait a minute. What about the curse that God placed on the Davidic king Jehoiachin in Jeremiah chapter 22 and verse 24 where it says: As surely as I live, declares the Lord, even if you Jehoiachin, son of Jehoiakim, King of Judah were a signet ring on my right hand, I would still pull you off.

In Jeremiah chapter 22 and verse 30 it says in part: None of his offspring, none would sit on the throne of David or rule any more in Judah. His lineage of kings is cursed.

So how can Jesus the Son of David be of the same lineage as Jehoiachin, his lineage is cursed, cursed of God, how can he ever literally sit on David’s throne on this earth?  The answer is that Christ was virgin born.  Jesus’ blood, his blood right to David’s throne is not through Joseph or Solomon, the son of David’s line, but through Mary who was also of the tribe of Judah and through Nathan, Solomon’s brother, thereby also bypassing God’s curse.  It is not Zerubbabel himself, but this office that serves as a guarantee by his signet ring the imagery from the Lord almighty that a Davidic, messianic king, the desired of all nations on that day for God has chosen him to rule, to reign on this earth over Israel and over all the nations even Jesus of Nazareth, the Christ, fulfilling Luke chapter one and verse 32 where the Lord God will give him the throne of his father David.
Today we continue to have rulers, presidents, prime ministers, leaders who cannot, who will not bring lasting peace or lasting prosperity. Only eventually turmoil and terrible times because it is written. So we also today seek the desired of all nations to come, come Lord Jesus.

This should be an encouragement and a comfort to us today. However, are you in Christ Jesus?  Is he your personal Savior and Lord? Have you received him by obedient faith? Have you made Jesus your Savior, but not just your Savior, your Lord by receiving him, repenting of your sins, confessing him as your Lord, being baptized into him and persevering in Christ Jesus? You must as we wait, as we look up for our redemption, the redemption of our bodies, even, draweth near.



David Johnson is minister of the Sellersburg Church of Christ, Sellersburg, IN

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Philippians 4:13